Episode Sources


Prologue


Public Attitudes Toward the War in Iraq: 2003-2008,” Pew Research Center, 2008.

Poll Reveals Americans Supported Iraq War in 2003 Far More Than They Admit Today,” Reason, 2014.

Rock the Vote,” Michael Soller, The Los Angeles Times, 2002.

Rise of the Vulcans, 2004, James Mann.

U.N. Weapons Inspectors,” Saturday Night Live, 2002.

Howard Stern on 9/11/01.

“Hunt For Saddam” segment, MSNBC, 2003.

Above the Fold: Colin Powell, American Coward,” Charles Kaiser Columbia Journalism Review, 2009.

Plan of Attack, State of Denial, Bob Woodward, 2004, 2006.

Imperial Life in the Emerald City, Rajiv Chandrasekaran, 2006.

Known and Unknown, Donald Rumsfeld, 2011.

Episode 1


Our last occupation,” Jonathan Glancey, The Guardian, 2003.

France, Britain, and the Arabs,” T.E. Lawrence. 

Carbon Democracy, Timothy Mitchell, 2006.

Killing Hope, William Blum, 1995.

Iraq: From Sumer to Saddam, Geoff Simons, 1993.

Sold Out? US Foreign Policy, Iraq, the Kurds, and the Cold War, Bryan Gibson, 2015.

Out of the Ashes, Andrew and Patrick Cockburn, 1999.

Saddam Hussein: The Politics of Revenge, Said Aburish, 2000.

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

A Tyrant 40 Years In The Making,” Roger Morris, New York Times, 2003. 

Background on 8 February Revolt in Iraq,” CIA Archives, 1963.

From The House of War, John Simpson, 1991.

Unholy Babylon: The Secret History of Saddam's War, Adel Darwish and Gregory Alexander, 1991.

A Poisonous Affair: America, Iraq, and the Gassing of Halabja, Joost Hiltermann, 2007.

The Iran-Iraq War, Pierre Razoux, 2015.

CIA Files Prove America Helped Saddam as He Gassed Iran,” Shane Harris and Matthew M. Aid, Foreign Policy.

Report of the specialists appointed by the Secretary-General to investigate allegations by the Islamic Republic of Iran concerning the use of chemical weapons,” United Nations, 1984.

America’s Flight 17,” Fred Kaplan, Slate, 2004.

Episode 2


No ‘Demons’ Left To Fight, Says Powell,” Boston Globe, 1991. 

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

Saddam Hussein: The Politics of Revenge, Said Aburish, 2000.

Out of the Ashes, Andrew and Patrick Cockburn, 1999.

Killing Hope, William Blum, 1995.

From The House of War, John Simpson, 1991.

Why We Are Stuck in the Sand,” Harper’s Magazine, 1991. 

Allied Air War Struck Broadly in Iraq,” Washington Post, 1991.

Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf, Judith Miller and Laurie Mylroie, 1990.

The Commanders, Bob Woodward, 1991.

Allies Bombing Them, Refugees Say,” Mark Fineman, Los Angeles Times, 1991. 

Child mortality in Iraq,” The Lancet, 1997.

“The BCCI Affair,” Report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 1992. 

War in Iraq: Humanitarian Relief Efforts With Sarah Zaidi,” Washington Post, 2003. 

Reflections — June 2013 IraqiKids.org. 

Reflections – October 2013, IraqiKids.org
  • Sarah Zaidi, Center for Economic and Social Rights: “I feel that excess deaths lie somewhere between the conservated [sic] estimate of 228k deaths estimated by Richard Garfield for the Fourth Freedom Forum and 500k. The figure may not be as high as 1 million but nonetheless these are children who should have not died and only did as a result of a tragic war and sanctions.”

Rise of the Vulcans, James Mann, 2004.

Iraq Water Treatment Vulnerabilities,” Defense Intelligence Agency, 1991.

How Many Iraqis Died?” PBS, 1996. 

"American Policy Gave Hussein Reason to Deceive,” Stanley Meiser, Los Angeles Times.

A Case Not Closed,” Seymour Hersh, The New Yorker, 1993.

Pentagon Report Shows No Iraq Plot To Assassinate Bush Sr.,” Michael Isikoff, Newsweek, 2008. 

Episode 3


Look at the Place! Sudan Says, 'Say Sorry,' but U.S. Won't,” Marc Lacey, New York Times, 1998.

Rise of the Vulcans, James Mann, 2004.

Time To Think About Torture,” Jonathan Alter, Newsweek, 2001.

US planning to recruit one in 24 Americans as citizen spies,” Ritt Goldstein, Sydney Morning Herald, 2002.

The U.S. Lost a (Fictional) War With Iran 18 Years Ago,” Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 2020. 

Al-Qaeda: The True Story of Radical Islam, Jason Burke, 2004
  • Jason Burke audio from Adam Curtis’s “The Power of Nightmares.”

President Asked Aide to Explore Iraq Link to 9/11,” New York Times, 2004.

Plan of Attack, Bob Woodward, 2004.

Laurie Mylroie: Is Iraq involved with U.S. terror attacks?,” CNN, 2001.

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

The Connection, Stephen F. Hayes, 2004.

War and Decision, Douglas Feith, 2008.

Angler, Barton Gellman, 2008.

Iraq Survey Group Report,” Iraq Survey Group, 2004.

Chilcot Inquiry, 2016.

Iraq Study Group Report,” Iraq Study Group, 2006.

State of War: The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration, James Risen, 2008.

Full text of Colin Powell's speech,” The Guardian, 2003.

Wider FBI Probe Of Pentagon Leaks Includes Chalabi,” Robin Wright and Thomas E. Ricks, Washington Post, 2004.

Three Pinocchios: The Cheneys’ claim of a ‘deep, longstanding, far-reaching relationship’ between al-Qaeda and Saddam,” Glenn Kessler, Washington Post, 2014.

CIA Review Finds No Evidence Saddam Had Ties to Islamic Terrorists,” Warren P. Strobel, Jonathan S. Landay and John Walcott, Knight-Ridder, 2004.

Bush and Blair made secret pact for Iraq war,” David Rose, The Guardian, 2004.

Selective Intelligence, Seymour Hersh, 2004.

“Al-Libi's Tall Tales,” Newsweek, 2005.

Saddam's mistress speaks up,” Reuters, 2002.

Episode 4



Coalition of the Willing Or Coalition of the Coerced?” Institute for Policy Studies, 2003.

Rise of the Vulcans, James Mann, 2004.

Cobra II: The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq, Michael R. Gordon, Bernard E. Trainor, 2007.

Plan of Attack, Bob Woodward, 2004.

Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib, Sy Hersh, 2004.

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

Full text of Colin Powell's speech,” The Guardian, 2003.

Hans Blix's briefing to the security council,” The Guardian, 2003.

Falling on His Sword,” Karen DeYoung, The Washington Post Magazine, 2006.

Iraq war whistleblower Katharine Gun: ‘Truth always matters,’” Tim Adams, The Guardian, 2019.

Lie After Lie: What Colin Powell Knew About Iraq 15 Years Ago and What He Told the U.N.” The Intercept, 2018.

Angler, Barton Gellman, 2008.

Chilcot Inquiry, 2016.

US troops accused of excess force,” Steven Morris, The Guardian, 2003.

Night Draws Near, Anthony Shadid, 2005.

Civilians killed at coalition checkpoint,” Athalie Matthews and Sally Bolton, The Guardian, 2003.

Conduct of the Ground War,” Human Rights Watch, 2003.

Army Stage-Managed Fall of Hussein Statue,” David Zucchino, Los Angeles Times, 2004.

I toppled Saddam’s statue, now I want him back,” BBC, 2016.


Episode 5



The Great Terror,” Jeffrey Goldberg, The New Yorker, 2002.

The Three Week War,” Charles Krauthammer, TownHall.com, 2003.

The Collapse of the Dream Palaces,” David Brooks, The Washington Examiner, 2004.

Jon Stewart Interview with Judith Miller, Comedy Central, 2015.

A More Humble Hawk,” David Brooks, The New York Times, 2004.

Anthrax printing paper editors’ note, The New York Times, 2001.

The Source of the Trouble,” Franklin Foer, New York Magazine, 2004.

Not Fit to Print,” James C. Moore, Salon, 2004. 

“Secret Sites; Iraqi Tells of Renovations at Sites For Chemical and Nuclear Arms,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2001.

In Visit to U.S., Kuwaitis Support Action on Iraq,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

White House Wants Chief of Chemical Arms Group to Resign,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

I Was Wrong: A Real-Time Chronicle of the Iraq War 2001-2008, Andrew Sullivan, 2013.

We Know Where Your Kids Live”: How John Bolton Once Threatened an International Official, Mehdi Hasan, The Intercept, 2018.

Baghdad’s Arsenal; White House Lists Iraq Steps To Build Banned Weapons,” Judith Miller and Michael R. Gordon, The New York Times, 2002.

Terrorist Weapons; Lab Suggests Qaeda Planned To Build Arms, Officials Say,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

Inspections; Verification Is Difficult at Best, Say the Experts, and Maybe Impossible,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

A Road Map for Iraq (Editorial),” The New York Times, 2002.

Naming the Evildoers,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

The Opposition; U.S. Faulted Over Its Efforts to Unite Iraqi Dissidents,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2002.

Prohibited Weapons; Illicit Arms Kept Till Eve of War, An Iraqi Scientist Is Said to Assert,” Judith Miller, The New York Times, 2003.

From the Editors: The Times and Iraq,” The New York Times, 2004.

Now They Tell Us,” Michael Massing, The New York Review of Books, 2004.

Reassessing Miller,” Jack Shafer, Slate, 2003.

Judith Miller: Duped?” Jack Shafer, Slate, 2003.

Hussein Link to 9/11 Lingers in Many Minds,” Dana Milbank and Cluadia Deane, The Washington Post, 2003.

Looking Back Before the War,” Michael Getler, The Washington Post, 2004.

Buying the War, Bill Moyers and PBS, 2007.

Episode 6



Imperial Life in the Emerald City, Rajiv Chandrasekeran, 2006.

Beyond the Green Zone: Dispatches from an Unembedded Journalist in Occupied Iraq, Dahr Jamail, 2007.

Out of the Ashes, Andrew and Patrick Cockburn, 1999.

Night Draws Near, Anthony Shadid, 2005.

U.S. Troops Fire on Iraqi Protesters, Leaving 15 Dead,” Ian Fisher, The New York Times, 2003.

Plan of Attack, Bob Woodward, 2004.

State of Denial, Bob Woodward, 2006.

Imperial Crusades: Iraq, Afghanistan and Yugoslavia: a Diary of Three Wars, Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair, 2004.

Carbon Democracy, Timothy Mitchell, 2006.

War and Decision, Douglas Feith, 2008.

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

Iraq Survey Group Report,” Iraq Survey Group, 2004.

Freedom Message to the Iraqi People,” US Central Command, 2003.

Iraq's de-Baathification still haunts the country,” Miranda Sissons and Abdulrazzaq Al-Saiedi, Al Jazeera, 2013.

Rebuilding Iraq: Economic Reform and Transition,” World Bank, 2006.

The Reconstruction of Iraq after 2003,” Hideki Matsunaga, World Bank, 2019.

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld, Misha Glenny, 2008.

Iraq Study Group Report,” Iraq Study Group, 2006.

British troops hurt in Basra clashes,” Tom Whitehead, The Independent, 2004.

Hussein Warned Iraqis to Beware Outside Fighters, Document Says,” James Risen, New York Times, 2004.

Episode 7



Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib, Sy Hersh, 2004.

Rumsfeld: Zarqawi Like Hitler,” CBS, 2005.

Schwartz on Why the Military Is Failing in Iraq,” Tom Engelhardt, TomDispatch, 2005.

Does the Resistance Target Civilians? According to US Intel, Not Really,” M. Junaid Alam, LeftHook, 2005.

The Developing Iraqi Insurgency: Status at End-2004, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004.

CIA Studies Provide Glimpse of Insurgents in Iraq,” Walter Pincus, The Washington Post, 2005.

U.S. Commanders See Possible Cut in Troops in Iraq,” Eric Schmitt, The New York Times, 2005.

Secret MoD poll: Iraqis support attacks on British troops,” Sean Rayment, The Telegraph, 2005.

A name that lives in infamy,” Mike Marqusee, The Guardian, 2005.

Returning Fallujans will face clampdown,” Anne Barnard, Boston Globe, 2005.

Inside besieged Falluja,” BBC, 2005.

US strikes raze Falluja hospital,” BBC, 2004.

General praises speed of Fallujah success,” Associated Press, 2004.

New Details of Prison Abuse Emerge: Abu Ghraib Detainees' Statements Describe Sexual Humiliation And Savage Beatings," Scott Higham and Joe Stevens, Washington Post, 2004.

Transcript of President Bush's interview on Al Arabiya Television,” New York Times, 2004.

Night Draws Near: Iraq's People in the Shadow of America's War, Anthony Shadid, 2005.

US general survives bomb attack by insurgents,” Justin Huggler, The Independent, 2004.

Toxic legacy of US assault on Fallujah 'worse than Hiroshima',” Patrick Cockburn, The Independent, 2010.

State of Denial, Bob Woodward, 2006.

Early Target of Offensive Is a Hospital,” Richard A. Oppel Jr., The New York Times, 2004. 

The fog of war: white phosphorus, Fallujah and some burning questions,” Andrew Buncome and Solomon Hughes, The Independent, 2005.

Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009,” Chris Busby, Malak Hamdan, and Entesar Ariabi, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2010.

Military Plays Up Role of Zarqawi,” Thomas Ricks, Washington Post, 2006. Attached slides.

Hyping Zarqawi,” Tim Dickinson, Rolling Stone, 2006. 

US Blunders in Iraq: De-Baathification and Disbanding the Army,” James Pfiffner, Intelligence and National Security, 2010.

Muqtada: Muqtada al-Sadr, the Shia Revival, and the Struggle for Iraq, Patrick Cockburn, 2008.

The Occupation: War And Resistance In Iraq, Patrick Cockburn, 2007.

The Assassin’s Gate: America in Iraq, George Packer, 2005.

Inside the ambush known as Black Sunday,” Ely Brown, ABC News, 2017.

8-Day Battle for Najaf: From Attack to Stalemate,” Alex Berenson and John F. Burns, The New York Times, 2004.

Torture at Abu Ghraib,” Sy Hersh, The New Yorker, 2004.

Abuse at Abu Ghraib,” CBS 60 Minutes, 2004.

The Abu Ghraib Investigations: The Official Reports of the Independent Panel and the Pentagon on the Shocking Prisoner Abuse in Iraq, Edited by Steven Strasser, 2004.

Episode 8


Bush Was Right,” The Right Brothers, 2006.

State of Denial, Bob Woodward, 2006. 

The War Within, Bob Woodward, 2008.

Iraq Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq,” Michael E. O’Hanlon and Jason H. Campbell, The Brookings Institution, 2007.

“The Occupation,” Patrick Cockburn, New Left Review, 2005.

The Occupation: War And Resistance In Iraq, Patrick Cockburn, 2007.

Rumsfeld Speaks Cautiously on Strength of Insurgency,” Brian Knowlton, The New York Times, 2005.

Timeline for Iraq Pullout Would Aid Insurgents, Rumsfeld Says,” Timothy Williams, The New York Times, 2005.

Iraqi protesters demand election as ayatollah threatens fatwa,” Rory McCarthy, The Guardian, 2004.

Donald Rumsfeld made Condoleezza Rice cry in the White House,” Tim Shipman, The Telegraph, 2008.

Known and Unknown, Donald Rumsfeld, 2011.

The Assassin’s Gate: America in Iraq, George Packer, 2005.

General Says Mission In Baghdad Falls Short,” John Ward Anderson, The Washington Post, 2006.

The Man Who Pushed America To War, Aram Roston, 2008.

Get Out the Vote,” Sy Hersh, The New Yorker, 2005.

Damage Control,” Philip Gourevitch, The New Yorker, 2004.

Spanking The Donkey: Dispatches From The Dumb Season, Matt Taibbi, 2005.

John Kerry Second Night DNC Transcript, The Guardian, 2004.

A Test of Kerry’s Faith,” Karen Tumulty and Perry Bacon Jr, CNN, 2004.

The religification of John Kerry,” Steven Waldman, Slate, 2004.

Gallup Iraq Tracking Poll

Bush 9/11 ads spark anger,” The Guardian, 2004.

Kerry medal flap on rewind,” Michael Finnegan, The Los Angeles Times, 2004.

Episode 9



Debriefing the President: The Interrogation of Saddam Hussein, John Nixon, 2016.

The Ultimate Justice Show,” Michael Byers, The London Review of Books, 2004.

Saddam’s Botched Trial,” Ramesh Rotnesar, Time, 2007.

How Saddam Hussein’s Execution Contributed to the Rise of Sectarianism in the Middle East,” Mohamad Bazzi, The Nation, 2016.

Wikileaks Shows Rumsfeld and Casey Lied about the Iraq War,” Ellen Knickmeyer, The Daily Beast, 2017.

Sexiest Men Alive,” People, 2002.

Known and Unknown, Donald Rumsfeld, 2011.

Rumsfeld: A Personal Portrait, Midge Decter, 2003.

Iraq Index Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq,” Michael O’Hanlon and Nina Kamp, Brookings Institution, 2006.

Iraq’s Repairman,” Rob Nordland, Newsweek, 2004.

The Petraeus Doctrine, Charles Sennott, The Boston Globe, 2007.

The War Within, Bob Woodward, 2008.

Inside the Surge,” Jon Lee Anderson, The New Yorker, 2007.

For Top General in Iraq, New Role is a Mixed Blessing,” John F. Burns, The New York Times, 2007.

The Gamble: David Petraeus and the American Military Adventure in Iraq 2006-2008, Thomas E. Ricks, 2009.

The 'surge' has failed to improve the bloody stalemate,” Patrick Cockburn, The Independent, 2007.

Blackwater guard sentenced to life for role in 2007 shootings of unarmed Iraqi civilians,” Spencer Hsu, The Washington Post, 2019.

Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army, Jeremy Scahill, 2007.

Fear City: New York’s Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics, Kim Phillips-Fein, 2017.

The Pentagon’s Massive Accounting Fraud Exposed,” Dave Lindorff, The Nation, 2018.

Rumsfeld Proposes Defense Cuts,” Robert Burns, Associated Press, 2001.

Episode 10



Gallup Iraq Tracking Poll

The War Within, Bob Woodward, 2008.

The Price of the Surge,” Steve Simon, Foreign Affairs (reprinted in The New York Times), 2008.

Post-surge violence: its extent and nature,” The Iraq Body Count Project, 2008.

President George W. Bush visits troops in Iraq,” The White House, 2008.

Iraqi reporter throws his shoes at George W. Bush,” ABC News, 2008.

Why I threw the shoe,” Muntazer al-Zaidi, The Guardian, 2009.

For Iraqis, General’s Report Offers Bitter Truth,” Alissa J. Rubin, The New York Times, 2007.

Line in the Sand: US-Iraq SOFA Agreement Sets Withdrawal of All US Troops by 2011,” Patrick Cockburn, Asia-Pacific Journal, 2008.

Bush Vetoes Bill Tying Iraq Funds to Exit,” Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Jeff Zeleny, The New York Times, 2007.

Report of the US Commission on Religious Freedom on Iraq, 2008.

Iraq and the Economy Are Top Issues to Voters,” Lydia Saad, Gallup, 2008.

Clinton Gives War Critics New Answer on ’02 Vote,” Patrick Healy, The New York Times, 2007.

The Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution, Patrick Cockburn, 2015.

Hillary Clinton 3 a.m. advertisement

How Maliki Ruined Iraq,” Zaid al-Ali, Foreign Policy, 2014.

Charting Nouri al-Maliki’s turbulent eight-year tenure as Iraq’s prime minister,” Jason Karaian, Quartz, 2014.

In Their Own Words: Sunnis on Their Treatment in Maliki’s Iraq,” Priyanka Boghani, PBS Frontline, 2014.

How Saddam’s men help Islamic State rule,” Isabel Coles and Ned Parker, Reuters, 2015.

Camp Bucca: The US prison that became the birthplace of ISIS,” Terrence McCoy, The Independent, 2014.

We want a free, independent Iraq”: journalist who threw shoes at George Bush,” Elif İlhamoğlu, United World International, 2020.

Iraq protestors cross dress to 'please' Sadr,” Middle East Monitor, 2020.